なぜ座禅? | Why sitting?

江西の大寂が座禅しているところに、師匠の南嶽がやって来て、言った。
「座禅してどうする」
「仏になるのです」
すると南嶽は瓦を一枚もってきて、大寂の庵の前で研ぎはじめた。しばらく様子を見ていた大寂は南嶽に尋ねた。
「何をしてるんですか」
「磨いて鏡にするのだ」
「瓦を磨いて鏡になりますか」
「座禅して仏になるのか」

道元はこうコメントしている:

あきらかにしりぬ、坐禅の作仏をまつにあらざる道理あり、作仏の坐禅にかかはれざる宗旨かくれず。

=これでわかった。座禅はさとりを待つのではない。さとりと座禅は関係ない。

|正法眼蔵第十二・坐禅箴

「なにも考えずただ座禅せよ」とか言ってきた禅坊主どもの目を覚ます一撃だ。

では、なぜ座禅するのか。つづく。
A monk Daijak of Kosey was practicing zazen at his place, where his teacher Nangak came and said,
“What is your aim of zazen?”
Daijak answered,
“To become a buddha.”
Then Nangak took up a clay tile and began to stroke it on a stone. Daijak asked,
“What are you doing, Teacher?”
“Polishing a tile to make a mirror.”
“Do you think that a clay tile could turn into a mirror by pollishing?”
“Do you think that a man could turn into a buddha by zazen?”

Dogen comments as follows:

The point is that your practicing zazen never makes you into a buddha. Making a buddha is not the business of zazen.

––– “The Zazen Maxim”, Syobogenzo Ch.12

The Daijak-Nangak session, together with Dogen’s comment, would give a hard hit to those Zen-teachers who always say to his disciples just to sit so as to get enlightened.

So, what is the aim of zazen? (To be continued.)

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