至現は現すことなく | The ultimate mirror is no mirror

雪峰の古鏡、玄沙の明鏡について、道元はこう言っている。古鏡と明鏡は別の鏡ではない… | Dogen remarks on the “old” and “bright” mirrors that they are not distinct nor identical.

明鏡来はたとひ明鏡来なりとも、二枚なるべからざるなり。たとひ二枚にあらずといふとも、古鏡はこれ古鏡なり、明鏡はこれ明鏡なり。……しかあれば明鏡の明と古鏡の古と、同なりとやせん、異なりとやせん。

|正法眼蔵第十九・古鏡

古鏡に明鏡をもってきても、鏡が二枚になったわけではない。二枚ではないにせよ、しかし古鏡は古鏡、明鏡は明鏡だ。さて明鏡の「明」と古鏡の「古」は、同じなのかちがうのか。

それを知りたいのに、教えないのが一流のコーチというものだ。考えるしかない。万物万象を現うつす古鏡と、現すべき一物もない明鏡。ここで古代中国のある伝説を思い出す。いにしえの弓の名人の語った言葉だ(中島敦『名人伝』)。

至為は為す無く 至言は言を去り 至射は射ることなし

胡が来れば胡を現し、漢が来れば漢を現すまでに磨かれた古鏡は、所詮、現之現というもの。至現は胡漢ともに去り、ついには鏡さえ要しない。だから道元は言ったのだ、

いま雪峰道の胡漢倶隠、さらにいふべし、鏡也自隠なるべし。

––– 雪峰は胡も漢も倶ともに隠れると道ったが、さらにこういうべきだった、鏡もまた隠れると。

 

On Xuefeng’s old mirror and Xuansha’s bright mirror, Dogen commented as follows:

Even after the bright mirror comes up, there are not two mirrors. Although there are not two mirrors, the old and the bright mirror are not identical… Then what is the difference between these mirrors? Is it a difference at all?

: Old Mirror, Shobogenzo

A good coach will not teach you step by step; he only takes you to the foot of a step-less cliff. You see an old mirror that shows every image of any object from every direction and a bright mirror that displays no glimpse of anything on its surface. Now I remember a Chinese legend of an ancient shooting master:

In the ultimate, action ceases to act, words go away from words, and shooting is done without shooting.  ––– Atsushi Nakajima, The Legend of the greatest master

So the ultimate mirror would be no mirror; the one that could reflect anything without reflection. That will be the point of Dogen’s another remark:

Regarding Xuefeng’s words, “Both Hu and Han will disappear”, I would say further that the mirror also disappears.

ibid.

 

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